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Master thesis

Title Forwarding and Security in Vehicular Networks
Author Gonçalo Miguel Vieira Gomes
School Universidade de Aveiro
Month December
Year 2015
Advisor André Zúquete, Susana Sargento
Group Information Systems and Processing
Group (before 2015) Information Systems and Telematics Laboratory

The growing research in vehicular network solutions provided the rise of interaction in these highly dynamic environments in the market. The developed architectures do not usually focus, however, in security aspects. Common security strategies designed for the Internet require IP. Since nodes’ addresses in a vehicular network are too dynamic, such solutions would require cumbersome negotiations, which would make them unsuitable to these environments.

The objective of this dissertation is to develop, and test a scalable, lightweight, layer 3 security protocol for vehicular networks, in which nodes of the network are able to set up long-term security associations with a Home Network, avoiding session renegotiations due to lack of connectivity and reduce the protocol stacking. This protocol allows to provide security independent of the nodes (vehicles) position, of its addressing and of the established path to access the Internet, allowing the mobility of vehicles and of its active sessions seamlessly without communication failures.