Personal tools



Jump to: navigation, search


Title 2D lidar to kinematic chain calibration using planar features of indoor scenes
Author Bernardo Lourenço, Tiago Madeira, Paulo Dias, Vitor Santos, Miguel Riem Oliveira
Journal Industrial Robots
Volume 47
Number 5
Pages 647-655
Month June
Year 2020
DOI 10.1108/IR-09-2019-0201
Group Intelligent Robotics and Systems
Group (before 2015)
Indexed by ISI Yes

Purpose 2D laser rangefinders (LRFs) are commonly used sensors in the field of robotics, as they provide accurate range measurements with high angular resolution. These sensors can be coupled with mechanical units which, by granting an additional degree of freedom to the movement of the LRF, enable the 3D perception of a scene. To be successful, this reconstruction procedure requires to evaluate with high accuracy the extrinsic transformation between the LRF and the motorized system. Design/methodology/approach In this work, a calibration procedure is proposed to evaluate this transformation. The method does not require a predefined marker (commonly used despite its numerous disadvantages), as it uses planar features in the point acquired clouds. Findings Qualitative inspections show that the proposed method reduces artifacts significantly, which typically appear in point clouds because of inaccurate calibrations. Furthermore, quantitative results and comparisons with a high-resolution 3D scanner demonstrate that the calibrated point cloud represents the geometries present in the scene with much higher accuracy than with the un-calibrated point cloud. Practical implications The last key point of this work is the comparison of two laser scanners: the lemonbot (authors’) and a commercial FARO scanner. Despite being almost ten times cheaper, the laser scanner was able to achieve similar results in terms of geometric accuracy. Originality/value This work describes a novel calibration technique that is easy to implement and is able to achieve accurate results. One of its key features is the use of planes to calibrate the extrinsic transformation.