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Matos-2015a

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PhD thesis

Title Lossless compression algorithms for microarray images and whole genome alignments
Author Luís Matos
School Universidade de Aveiro
Address Campus Universitário Santiago, Aveiro, Portugal
Month February
Year 2015
Advisor António J. R. Neves, Armando J. Pinho
Group Information Systems and Processing
Group (before 2015) Signal Processing Laboratory

Abstract - Nowadays, in the 21st century, the never-ending expansion of information is a major global concern. The pace at which storage and communication resources are evolving is not fast enough to compensate this tendency. In order to overcome this issue, sophisticated and efficient compression tools are required. The goal of compression is to represent information with as few bits as possible. There are two kinds of compression, lossy and lossless. In lossless compression, information loss is not tolerated so the decoded information is exactly the same as the encoded one. On the other hand, in lossy compression some loss is acceptable. In this work we focused on lossless methods. The goal of this thesis was to create lossless compression tools that can be used in two types of data. The first type is known in the literature as microarray images. These images have 16 bits per pixel and a high spatial resolution. The other data type is commonly called Whole Genome Alignments (WGA), in particularly applied to MAF files. Regarding the microarray images, we improved existing microarray-specific methods by using some pre-processing techniques (segmentation and bitplane reduction). Moreover, we also developed a compression method based on pixel values estimates and a mixture of finite-context models. Furthermore, an approach based on binary-tree decomposition was also considered. Two compression tools were developed to compress MAF files. The first one based on a mixture of finite-context models and arithmetic coding, where only the DNA bases and alignment gaps were considered. The second tool, designated as MAFCO, is a complete compression tool that can handle all the information that can be found in MAF files. MAFCO relies on several finite-context models and allows parallel compression/decompression of MAF files.

Electronic version here

Online: RIA (Repositório Institutional)