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Book chapter

Title Lossy-to-Lossless Compression of Biomedical Images Based on Image Decomposition
Author Luís Matos, António J. R. Neves, Armando J. Pinho
Booktitle Applications of Digital Signal Processing through Practical Approach
Editor Sudhakar Radhakrishnan
Publisher INTECH
Pages 125-158
Month October
Year 2015
DOI 10.5772/60650
Group Information Systems and Processing
Group (before 2015) Signal Processing Laboratory

Abstract - The use of medical imaging has increased in the last years, especially with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT). Microarray imaging and images that can be extracted from RNA interference (RNAi) experiments also play an important role for large-scale gene sequence and gene expression analysis, allowing the study of gene function, regulation, and interaction across a large number of genes and even across an entire genome. These types of medical image modalities produce huge amounts of data that, for several reasons, need to be stored or transmitted at the highest possible fidelity between various hospitals, medical organizations, or research units.In this chapter, we study the performance of several compression methods developed by the authors, as well as of image coding standards, when used to compress medical images (computed radiography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, and ultrasound), RNAi images, and microarray images. The compression algorithms addressed are based on image decomposition, finite-context modeling, and arithmetic coding. In one of the methods, the input image is split into several bitplanes, and each bitplane is encoded using finite-context models and arithmetic coding. In another approach, the intensity levels of a given image are organized in a binary-tree structure, where each leaf node is associated with an image intensity.The experimental results presented in this chapter are state of the art regarding the compression of some of these types of images. Moreover, several approaches and preprocessing techniques are presented, giving a good hint about new developments that can be studied further. Also, this chapter intends to be used as a reference for comparison with new compression algorithms that may be developed in the future.

Electronic versions here and here.