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SPL Meeting - 14 November 2012

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Date 2012/11/14
Time 15h30-16h30
Location IEETA Anf.
Country Portugal

SPL talk given by . Brígida, F. Patrício (Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto do Instituto Politécnico do Porto)

Short CV: Brígida, F. Patrício (abp@eu.ipp.pt) Brígida F. Patrício received her first degree in Speech Therapy in 2002 from the Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto of Instituto Politécnico do Porto, the M.Sc. degree in Speech Sciences in 2007 from the Universidade Católica Portuguesa and Escola Superior de Saúde de Alcoitão and is now doing her PhD in Health Sciences and Technologies in Universidade de Aveiro. She worked as a Speech Therapist in several hospitals with children and adults with language and communication disabilities, was a lecturer in Universidade do Algarve and since 2005 is a lecturer in Instituto Politécnico do Porto, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do Porto, teaching speech therapy students. Her research interests are communication and language disabilities in people with stroke (post-stroke aphasia) and the impact of these pathologies in people’s lives.

Summary:

Part I: QOL predictors for Portuguese general population Quality of life (QOL) is universally important and is influenced by complex combinations of values, standards, environment, goals, expectations, and perceptions. The purpose of this cross-sectional correlational study is to assess the QOL of Portuguese adults (general population sample) and identify predictors of QOL in this population. The sample was composed by two hundred and fifty-five (n = 255) participants from the general Portuguese population. The results show that the Portuguese population reports their QOL as good. The domains of life that better explain overall QOL are the physical, the psychological and the environment. The sociodemographic variables that better predict QOL are emotional status, educational level and age. Further variables (e.g., living place) influence overall QOL. This data helps orient the activities carried out by service providers and allows for the adjustment of programs and policies in order to develop approaches focused in clients’ real needs.


Part II: Limitations of the social relationships domain of WHOQOL-Bref The use of World Health Organization Quality of Life instruments (WHOQOL-100 and WHOQOL-Bref) has been increasing internationally. The social relationships (SR) domain of these instruments is relevant for the people with communication and language disorders such as post-stroke aphasia. This domain of WHOQOL-Bref has 3 items and the WHOQOL-100’s has 12 items. The aim of this research was to assess the suitability of the SR domain of the WHOQOL-Bref when compared with WHOQOL-100 SR’s domain. Two hundred and fifty-five (n=255) participants from the general Portuguese population took part in this cross-sectional correlational study. The results show that the SR domain of WHOQOL-100 better explained overall QOL scores. Four out of the 5 items that better explained WHOQOL-100 SR results are not included in WHOQOL-Bref. Data collection in a clinical group of people with aphasia (PWA) is being undertaken now. If these findings are repeated for PWA, the WHOQOL-100 SR domain is preferable to the WHOQOL-Bref SR domain when assessing SR among PWA as it will reveal more impact on SR and be better understood by clinicians.